Kenneth R. Shoulders Papers, 1940-2013

Overview

Collection Name: Kenneth R. Shoulders Papers

Collection Number: 2015.003

Primary Creator(s): Shoulders, Kenneth R.

Collection Size: 37.8 Linear Feet

Abstract: Correspondence, research files, personal files, patent files, papers and presentations, publications, audio-visual materials, electronic storage materials, and photographic materials of American electronics engineer, experimental physicist, and inventor Kenneth R. Shoulders.

Forms of Material: Audiocassettes, CD ROMs, DVDs, Floppy disks, Negatives (photographic), Photographs, Slides (photographic), Videotapes, Glass plate negatives

Languages: English .

Access to Physical Collection: To make an appointment to view items from this collection in the Othmer Library reading room, please fill out our Research Appointment form. Have questions about this or other collections? Contact Othmer Library reference staff at reference@sciencehistory.org.

Background Note

Background Note

Kenneth R. Shoulders was an American electronics engineer, experimental physicist, and inventor. Born in Texas on March 7, 1927, Shoulders was a 1944 graduate of North Dallas High School in Dallas, Texas. After graduating from high school, he went to work in the electronics industry and gained over ten years of formative research and development experience with a number of electronics firms between the mid 1940s and mid 1950s, including Maganavox Company, Texas Instruments, Incorporated, and Collins Radio Company.

From 1955 to 1958, Shoulders served as a Research Staff Member at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), where he became a noted pioneer in microelectronics. While working at MIT's Computer Components and Systems Laboratory, he studied and tested microfabrication methods for a number of electronics applications, including field-emission amplifiers and magnetic film memories. He also at worked at the university's Lincoln Laboratory, where conducted research on digital computer components and systems. At MIT, he frequently worked with famed electrical engineer and inventor Dudley A. Buck.

In 1958, Shoulders was hired as a Senior Research Engineer by the Stanford Research Institute (SRI) in Menlo Park, California, where he continued to be a pioneer in microelectronics. During his tenure at SRI (1958-1968), Shoulders conducted research and development work on a number of micro-sized devices, including field-emission active elements, light generators, and the technology required for their fabrication. He also designed and built the first twelve quadrupole mass spectrometers and designed a rapid access ultra-high-vacuum system. In addition to his work in microelectronics, Shoulders also became interested in aerospace engineering at SRI. Under SRI's auspices, he designed two personal air transport systems: the Gyrodyne Convertiplane and Helicopter Escape and Rescue Outfit (HERO), neither of which were brought to fruition.

Shoulders left Stanford Research Institute in 1968 to form Vertitek, Incorporated, with the intention of building experimental aircraft designed by himself. Vertitek proved to be a short-lived venture, but Shoulders maintained a keen interest in experimental aircraft for the rest of his life. Between the 1970s and late 1990s, he continued to design and build innovative aircraft and aircraft components, including the Boomerang Surveillance System and the Shadow Autonomous Aerial Vehicle.

Shoulders became interested in experimental physics research during the mid and late 1970s. He was mainly interested in charge clusters, which he initially called "Electrum Validum" (EV), then later renamed "Exotic Vacuum Objects" (EVO). Believing EVs/EVOs to be a potential source of untapped energy, Shoulders conducted extensive research on this phenomena between the 1980s and 2010s. During the 1980s and early 1990s, he carried out much of his EV/EVO research as Chief Inventor at Jupiter Technologies, a firm owned by Church's Fried Chicken CEO George W. Church, Jr.

Kenneth R. Shoulders was awarded a number of patents over the course of his career. He was the also the author of the self published book, EV, A Tale of Discovery(1987).

Kenneth R. Shoulders passed away on June 7, 2013.

Sources

Kenneth R. Shoulders Papers, Chemical Heritage Foundation Archives, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Scope and Content

The Kenneth R. Shoulders Papers contain the personal papers of Kenneth R. Shoulders. The collection is arranged into the following thirteen series:

I. Correspondence
II. Subject Files
III. Notes and Letters
IV. Patent Files
V. Notebooks
VI. Manuscripts
VII. Papers, Presentations, and Speeches
VIII. Printed Materials
IX. Audio-Visual Materials
X. Electronic Storage Materials
XI. Oversized
XII. Artifacts
XIII. Photographic Materials

Subjects and Keywords

  • Stanford Research Institute
  • Aeronautical engineers
  • Aerospace engineering
  • Aircraft
  • Electronics
  • Electronics engineers
  • Inventors--United States
  • Microelectronics
  • Physicists--United States
  • Physics
  • Scientific apparatus and instruments
  • Scientists--United States
  • Archival materials

Administrative Information

Repository: Science History Institute Archives

Access Restrictions:

The Kenneth R. Shoulders Papers are open to researchers with the exception of the following materials:

In Series X, selected items in Sub-series 2 – CD-ROMs and DVDs are closed to researchers until 2065.

Copyright Information: The Science History Institute holds copyright to the Kenneth R. Shoulders Papers. The researcher assumes full responsibility for all copyright, property, and libel laws as they apply.

Acquisition Method: The Kenneth R. Shoulders Papers were donated to the Science History Institute (formerly the Chemical Heritage Foundation) by Claire Shoulders in March 2015.

Preferred Citation: Item Description, Box Number, Folder Number, Kenneth R. Shoulders Papers, 1940-2013, Science History Institute Archives.

Processing Information: The Kenneth R. Shoulders Papers were processed by Kenton G. Jaehnig in November 2015.

Collection Inventory

  • Series I. Correspondence, 1952-2007, undated

    Arranged alphabetically by subject, this series contains Kenneth R. Shoulders' correspondence files. The series' contents consist mainly of files containing miscellaneous professional and personal correspondence generated by Shoulders between 1952 and 2005. A handful of files containing Shoulders' correspondence with a few of his colleagues are also found in this series. A file of Shoulders' correspondence with the Stanford Research Institute is also preserved here.

    The contents of the Correspondence files consist mainly of letters. A small amount of accompanying materials, including, but not limited to, papers, and notes are found in these files as well.

    • Box 1, folder 1; Thomas Bearden (1981)
    • Box 1, folder 2; Wilson Graham (1981)
    • Box 1, folder 3; Mark McCord (1985)
    • Box 1, folder 4; Bennett Miller – Letter to Robert W. Bass Re: Cold Fusion (Photocopy) (1997-1998)
    • Box 1, folder 5; Miscellaneous Correspondence (1952-1958)
    • Box 1, folder 6; Miscellaneous Correspondence (1959)
    • Box 1, folder 7; Miscellaneous Correspondence (1960)
    • Box 1, folder 8; Miscellaneous Correspondence (1961-1962)
    • Box 1, folder 9; Miscellaneous Correspondence (1963-1968)
    • Box 1, folder 10; Miscellaneous Correspondence (1970-1974)
    • Box 1, folder 11; Miscellaneous Correspondence (1975-1979)
    • Box 1, folder 12; Miscellaneous Correspondence (1980-1989)
    • Box 1, folder 13; Miscellaneous Correspondence (1990-1996)
    • Box 1, folder 14; Miscellaneous Correspondence (1997)
    • Box 1, folder 15; Miscellaneous Correspondence (1998-1999)
    • Box 1, folder 16; Miscellaneous Correspondence (2000-2005)
    • Box 1, folder 17; Miscellaneous Correspondence (undated)
    • Box 1, folder 18; Lloyd Murphy (2005, 2007)
    • Box 1, folder 19; Bruce Pollock (1999)
    • Box 1, folder 20; Hal Puthoff (1992)
    • Box 1, folder 21; Stanford Research Institute (1958-1966)
  • Series II. Subject Files, 1940-2005, undated

    Arranged alphabetically by subject, this series contains files pertaining to Kenneth R. Shoulders' life and career. Files pertaining to various projects Shoulders worked on, including, but not limited to, aircraft and Electrum Validum, make up the largest part of the Subject Files. A noticeable number of files regarding Shoulders' business and legal affairs are also found in this series. A small number of files pertaining to Shoulders' attendance at scientific conferences, involvement with aviation organizations, and a few of his colleagues are preserved in this series. A handful of files regarding the personal affairs of Kenneth R. Shoulders and his wife Claire Shoulders are found here as well.

    The contents of the Subject Files consist of a wide variety of materials, including correspondence, legal documents, printed materials (programs, brochures, and decals), blueprints, drawings, drawing reproductions, papers, and notes. Graphs, membership cards, clippings, article reprints, a few fabric samples, and a few business cards are found in these files as well.

    • Box 1, folder 22; 2nd International Low Energy Nuclear Reactions Conference – NEV Cluster Talk – Miscellaneous (1996-1997)
    • Box 1, folder 23; 5th National Conference on Tube Techniques – Miscellaneous (undated)
    • Box 1, folder 24; 30th International Field Emission Symposium – Questionnaire (1983)
    • Box 1, folder 25; Accelerated Frontier, Incorporated – Legal Documents (1974-1975)
    • Box 1, folder 26; Actuators – Drawings (1975)
    • Box 1, folder 27; Aerial Application Interviews – Miscellaneous (1968-1969)
    • Box 1, folder 28; Aircraft – Notecards (1978, undated)
    • Box 1, folder 29; Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association – Miscellaneous (1965, undated)
    • Box 1, folder 30; Arc-Etch Apparatus – Miscellaneous (1986)
    • Box 1, folder 31; Barth Foundation Symposium on Biosimulation – Miscellaneous (1960)
    • Box 1, folder 32; Benson Gyrocopter – Blueprints (1954-1957, undated)
    • Box 1, folder 33; Benson Gyrocopter – Drawing Reproductions (1955-1960)
    • Box 1, folder 34; Benson Gyrocopter – Drawings (undated)
    • Box 1, folder 35; Benson Gyrocopter – Miscellaneous (1956-1964, undated)
    • Box 1, folder 36; Billings Energy Corporation – Miscellaneous (1979)
    • Box 1, folder 37; Boomerang Surveillance System – Artwork (undated)
    • Box 1, folder 38; Boomerang Surveillance System – Miscellaneous (1967-1974, undated)
    • Box 2, folder 1; Boston Filter Company, Incorporated – Miscellaneous (1957)
    • Box 2, folder 2; Bruce's Custom Covers – Miscellaneous (1982)
    • Box 2, folder 3; Charles Evans & Associates – Electrum Validum Strikes – Miscellaneous (1996 July 9)
    • Box 2, folder 4; Charles Evans & Associates – Electrum Validum Strikes – Miscellaneous (1998 June)
    • Box 2, folder 5; Charles Evans & Associates – Nickel in Electrum Validum Reactor – Miscellaneous (2003)
    • Box 2, folder 6; George W. Church, Jr. – Business Card (undated)
    • Box 2, folder 7; Crop Duster – Miscellaneous (1968-1973, undated)
    • Box 2, folder 8; Datametrics-Dresser Industries, Incorporated – Miscellaneous (1983)
    • Box 2, folder 9; Delta Ultra Sense, Incorporated – Miscellaneous (1983)
    • Box 2, folder 10; Electrum Validum – Notecards (1976-1979, undated)
    • Box 2, folder 11; Electrum Validum Strikes – Graphs (1996 January 7)
    • Box 2, folder 12; Electrum Validums in Cold Fusion – Miscellaneous (2002)
    • Box 2, folder 13; EV Institute – Participant List (1999)
    • Box 2, folder 14; Exciter Performance Ignition Coil – Specifications (undated)
    • Box 2, folder 15; Experimental Aircraft Association – Miscellaneous (1963-1968, undated)
    • Box 2, folder 16; Field Emission Symposium – Miscellaneous (1958)
    • Box 2, folder 17; Foot Launched, Prone-Position Cruise, Vertical Take-Off and Landing Vehicle – Drawing Reproductions (undated)
    • Box 2, folder 18; Free Piston Gas Generator Engine – Blueprints (1965-1967, undated)
    • Box 2, folder 19; Free Piston Gas Generator Engine – Drawings and Drawing Reproductions (1965, undated)
    • Box 2, folder 20; Andrew G. Gulko – Miscellaneous (1982)
    • Box 2, folder 21; Gyrodyne Convertiplane – Blueprints (undated)
    • Box 2, folder 22; Gyrodyne Convertiplane – Drawings and Drawing Reproductions (1963, undated)
    • Box 2, folder 23-25; Gyrodyne Convertiplane – Miscellaneous (1962-1966, undated)
    • Box 2, folder 26; Helichute – Miscellaneous (2000-2001)
    • Box 2, folder 27; Helicopter Escape and Rescue Outfit (HERO) – Articles and Reprints (1966, undated)
    • Box 2, folder 28; Helicopter Escape and Rescue Outfit (HERO) – Drawings and Drawing Reproductions (undated)
    • Box 2, folder 29; Helicopter Escape and Rescue Outfit (HERO) – Miscellaneous (1966-1967, undated)
    • Box 2, folder 30; Hewlett Packard – Miscellaneous (1983)
    • Box 2, folder 31; HJ Ohmmeter/Dielectric Tester – Drawings (undated)
    • Box 2, folder 32; Bill Lee – Drawing and Drawing Reproductions of Unidentified Apparatus (1988)
    • Box 2, folder 33; Massachusetts Institute of Technology – Personnel Lists (1957, undated)
    • Box 2, folder 34; Micro Applications Research Corporation – MARC Terra I Super Computer – Miscellaneous (1991)
    • Box 2, folder 35; Miscellaneous Charts (1949-1950, undated)
    • Box 2, folder 36; Lloyd Murphy – Zero Point Energy – Miscellaneous (2004-2005)
    • Box 2, folder 37; Pico Pulser – Miscellaneous (1984-1986, undated)
    • Box 2, folder 38; Popular Rotorcraft Association – Miscellaneous (1964-1969, undated)
    • Box 2, folder 39; Proposed Storage System – Miscellaneous (Photocopies) (undated)
    • Box 2, folder 40; Pulse Generator – Drawing Reproductions (1983)
    • Box 2, folder 41; PVO International, Incorporated – Miscellaneous (1975)
    • Box 2, folder 42; SEM – Miscellaneous (1981)
    • Box 2, folder 43; Shadow Autonomous Aerial Vehicle – Blueprint (1968)
    • Box 2, folder 44; Shadow Autonomous Aerial Vehicle – Miscellaneous (1970-1971, undated)
    • Box 2, folder 45; Claire Shoulders – Birth Certificate (1947)
    • Box 2, folder 46; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Agreements (1968-1969)
    • Box 2, folder 47; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Agreements (1970-1979)
    • Box 2, folder 48; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Agreements (1982-1989)
    • Box 2, folder 49; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Agreements (1992-1999)
    • Box 2, folder 50; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Agreements (2000-2002)
    • Box 2, folder 51; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Agreements (undated)
    • Box 2, folder 52; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Biographical Materials (1955-1968, undated)
    • Box 2, folder 53; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Business Cards (undated)
    • Box 2, folder 54; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Report Cards (1940-1943)
    • Box 2, folder 55; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Solo Flight Certificate (1964)
    • Box 2, folder 56; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Stationary (undated)
    • Box 2, folder 57; Kenneth R. Shoulders and Claire Shoulders – Pre-Cana Certificate (1956)
    • Box 2, folder 58; System for Fabricating Microelectronic Devices – Drawing Reproduction (undated)
    • Box 2, folder 59; Thermodyn Corporation – Fluorodyn Caulk – Miscellaneous (2003)
    • Box 2, folder 60; Tobler, Ernst, & Trader – Nitex 25 and Nitex 35 Nylon Filter Fabric Samples (undated)
    • Box 2, folder 61; Two-Stroke Sleeve Valve Engine – Drawing Reproductions (1996, undated)
    • Box 2, folder 62; Unidentified Blueprints (undated)
    • Box 3, folder 1; Unidentified Data Printouts (1978, undated)
    • Box 3, folder 2; Unidentified Drawing Reproduction (undated)
    • Box 3, folder 3; Vacuum Furnace – Drawings (1982)
    • Box 3, folder 4; Varian – Miscellaneous (1983)
    • Box 3, folder 5; Vertitek Corporation – Logos (undated)
    • Box 3, folder 6-8; Vertitek Corporation – Miscellaneous (1965-1974, undated)
    • Box 3, folder 9; VHF Transmitter and Receiver – Blueprints (1952-1953, undated)
    • Box 3, folder 10; Western Joint Computer Conference and Exhibit (1960)
  • Series III. Notes and Letters, 1951-2013, undated

    Arranged chronologically by year and alphabetically by subject, the Notes and Letters series make up the largest portion of the Kenneth R. Shoulders Papers. The materials in this series provide detailed day-by-day documentation of Shoulders' activities between 1951 and 2013. By studying contents of the Notes and Letters, researchers can learn a great deal about how Shoulders' conducted his engineering and scientific work. The contents of the Notes and Letters also reveal much about Shoulders himself. Most of the files in the Notes and Letters series concern Shoulders' work on multiple projects. A few are devoted to his work on specific individual projects, including, but not limited to, Electrum Validum, aircraft, and microelectronics.

    The contents of the Notes and Letters files consist mainly of Shoulders' handwritten notes, typed notes, and correspondence. A wide variety of other materials are also found in this series. Noticeable amounts of papers, presentations, drawings, drawing reproductions, and blueprints are preserved in these files. Smaller amounts of manuscripts and miscellaneous printed materials are found in the Notes and Letters as well.

    • Box 3, folder 11; Notes and Letters (1951-1953)
    • Box 3, folder 12; Notes and Letters (1954-1955)
    • Box 3, folder 13; Notes and Letters (1956-1959)
    • Box 3, folder 14; Notes and Letters (1960-1964)
    • Box 3, folder 15; Notes and Letters (1965)
    • Box 3, folder 16; Notes and Letters (1966)
    • Box 3, folder 17; Notes and Letters (1967 January-November)
    • Box 3, folder 18; Notes and Letters (1967 December)
    • Box 3, folder 19; Notes and Letters (1968 January-June)
    • Box 3, folder 20; Notes and Letters (1968 July-December)
    • Box 3, folder 21; Notes and Letters (1969)
    • Box 3, folder 22; Notes and Letters (1970)
    • Box 3, folder 23; Notes and Letters (1971)
    • Box 3, folder 24; Notes and Letters (1972)
    • Box 4, folder 1; Notes and Letters (1973 January-July)
    • Box 4, folder 2; Notes and Letters (1973 August-December)
    • Box 4, folder 3; Notes and Letters (1974)
    • Box 4, folder 4; Notes and Letters (1975)
    • Box 4, folder 5; Notes and Letters (1976)
    • Box 4, folder 6; Notes and Letters (1977)
    • Box 4, folder 7; Notes and Letters (1978 )
    • Box 4, folder 8; Notes and Letters (1979)
    • Box 4, folder 9; Notes and Letters (1980-1983)
    • Box 4, folder 10; Notes and Letters (1984 January-September)
    • Box 4, folder 11; Notes and Letters (1984 October-December)
    • Box 4, folder 12; Notes and Letters (1985 January-June)
    • Box 4, folder 13; Notes and Letters (1985 July-December)
    • Box 4, folder 14; Notes and Letters (1986 January-September)
    • Box 4, folder 15; Notes and Letters (1986 October-December)
    • Box 4, folder 16; Notes and Letters (1987 January-August)
    • Box 4, folder 17; Notes and Letters (1987 September-December)
    • Box 4, folder 18; Notes and Letters (1988 January-June)
    • Box 5, folder 1; Notes and Letters (1988 July-December)
    • Box 5, folder 2; Notes and Letters (1989 January)
    • Box 5, folder 3; Notes and Letters (1989 February-March)
    • Box 5, folder 4; Notes and Letters (1989 April-July)
    • Box 5, folder 5; Notes and Letters (1989 August-November)
    • Box 5, folder 6; Notes and Letters (1989 December)
    • Box 5, folder 7; Notes and Letters (1990 January-May)
    • Box 5, folder 8; Notes and Letters (1990 June-December)
    • Box 5, folder 9; Notes and Letters (1991 January-June)
    • Box 5, folder 10; Notes and Letters (1991 July-December)
    • Box 5, folder 11; Notes and Letters (1992 January-June)
    • Box 5, folder 12; Notes and Letters (1992 July-December)
    • Box 5, folder 13; Notes and Letters (1993)
    • Box 5, folder 14; Notes and Letters (1994 January-August)
    • Box 5, folder 15; Notes and Letters (1994 September-December)
    • Box 5, folder 16; Notes and Letters (1995 January-April)
    • Box 5, folder 17; Notes and Letters (1995 May-August)
    • Box 6, folder 1; Notes and Letters (1995 September-December)
    • Box 6, folder 2; Notes and Letters (1996 January-July)
    • Box 6, folder 3; Notes and Letters (1996 August-December)
    • Box 6, folder 4; Notes and Letters (1997 January-August)
    • Box 6, folder 5; Notes and Letters (1997 September-December)
    • Box 6, folder 6; Notes and Letters (1998)
    • Box 6, folder 7; Notes and Letters (1999 January-August)
    • Box 6, folder 8; Notes and Letters (1999 September-December)
    • Box 6, folder 9; Notes and Letters (2000 January-July)
    • Box 6, folder 10; Notes and Letters (2000 August-December)
    • Box 6, folder 11; Notes and Letters (2001)
    • Box 6, folder 12; Notes and Letters (2002 January-October)
    • Box 6, folder 13; Notes and Letters (2002 November-December)
    • Box 6, folder 14; Notes and Letters (2003 January-July)
    • Box 6, folder 15; Notes and Letters (2003 August-December)
    • Box 6, folder 16; Notes and Letters (2004 January-July)
    • Box 6, folder 17; Notes and Letters (2004 August-December)
    • Box 6, folder 18; Notes and Letters (2005 January-June)
    • Box 6, folder 19; Notes and Letters (2005 July-December)
    • Box 6, folder 20; Notes and Letters (2006 January-June)
    • Box 6, folder 21; Notes and Letters (2006 July-December)
    • Box 7, folder 1; Notes and Letters (2007 January-June)
    • Box 7, folder 2; Notes and Letters (2007 July-December)
    • Box 7, folder 3; Notes and Letters (2008 January-June)
    • Box 7, folder 4; Notes and Letters (2008 July-December)
    • Box 7, folder 5; Notes and Letters (2009)
    • Box 7, folder 6; Notes and Letters (2010-2011)
    • Box 7, folder 7; Notes and Letters (2012-2013)
    • Box 7, folder 8; Notes and Letters (undated)
    • Box 7, folder 9-10; Notes and Letters – Aircraft (1987-2002)
    • Box 7, folder 11; Notes and Letters – Building (1975, undated)
    • Box 7, folder 12; Notes and Letters – Electronic Machining Techniques (1958)
    • Box 7, folder 13; Notes and Letters – Electrum Validum (Photocopies) (1980-1983)
    • Box 7, folder 14; Notes and Letters – Electrum Validum (Photocopies) (1983-1985)
    • Box 7, folder 15; Notes and Letters – Electrum Validum Deposition (1984-1985)
    • Box 7, folder 16-17; Notes and Letters – Free Piston Gas Generator Engine – Tech Notes (1966-1973, undated)
    • Box 7, folder 18; Notes and Letters – Gyroplane (1960-1961)
    • Box 7, folder 19; Notes and Letters – Gyroplane (1962)
    • Box 7, folder 20; Notes and Letters – Gyroplane (1963 January-August)
    • Box 8, folder 1; Notes and Letters – Gyroplane (1963 October-December)
    • Box 8, folder 2; Notes and Letters – Helicopter Escape and Rescue Outfit (HERO) – Tech Notes (1964-1967)
    • Box 8, folder 3; Notes and Letters – Kiln (1972-1974, undated)
    • Box 8, folder 4; Notes and Letters – Microelectronics (1956-1957)
    • Box 8, folder 5; Notes and Letters – Microelectronics (1958-1959)
    • Box 8, folder 6; Notes and Letters – Shadow Autonomous Aerial Vehicle (1991-1993)
    • Box 8, folder 7; Notes and Letters – Stanford Hospital Tech Notes – 3 Way C/O and Accessories (1971-1973)
    • Box 8, folder 8; Notes and Letters – Vertitek and Business Notions (1964-1972)
  • Series IV. Patent Files, 1941-2000, undated

    Arranged alphabetically by subject, this series contains Kenneth R. Shoulders' patent files. These files concern Shoulders' successful and unsuccessful efforts to patent a few of the inventions conceived by him between the mid 1970s and 2000. The files in this series provide primary documentation of the legal processes through which Shoulders sought to patent his inventions in the United States. They also contain technical information for the inventions represented in this series.

    The contents of the Patent Files consist mainly of correspondence, legal documents, and copies of patents. A couple of publications, a few drawing reproductions, and notes are found in this series as well.

    • Box 8, folder 9; Ed Berkowitz – Production and Exploitation of High Charge Density Phenomena (1983-1984, undated)
    • Box 8, folder 10; Ed Berkowitz – Self-Pinched Beam Apparatus (1981-1982)
    • Box 8, folder 11; The Electromagnetic Vortex, A Prospectus (1981, 1984)
    • Box 8, folder 12; Energy Converter – C.I.P. 4/14/89 – Patent Claims as of June '91 (1989-1991)
    • Box 8, folder 13; Jupiter Technologies – Patent Specifications, Production and Manipulation of High Charge Density (1988)
    • Box 8, folder 14; Miscellaneous Canadian Patents (Photostats) (1955)
    • Box 8, folder 15; Miscellaneous United States Patents (Copies) (1941-1954)
    • Box 8, folder 16; Miscellaneous United States Patents (Photocopies) (1988-1993)
    • Box 8, folder 17; Rotodynamic Vacuum Pump (Photocopies) (1974)
    • Box 8, folder 18; Kenneth R. Shoulders – EV Inventions by K.R. Shoulders (1985)
    • Box 8, folder 19; Kenneth R. Shoulders – United States Patents Awarded To (Copies) (1968-1976)
    • Box 8, folder 20; Kenneth R. Shoulders – United States Patents Awarded To (Photocopies) (1991-1992)
    • Box 8, folder 21; United States Patent Application #467,380 – Rotating Aircraft and Aircraft Control System (1974-1976)
    • Box 9, folder 1; United States Patent Application #590,086 – Rotating Aircraft and Aircraft Control System (1975-1976)
    • Box 9, folder 2; United States Patent Application #714,700 – Rotating Aircraft and Aircraft Control System (1976-1977)
    • Box 9, folder 3; United States Patent Application – Energy Conversion Using Charge Particles (1990)
    • Box 9, folder 4; United States Patent Application – Jupiter-5 Display (Electrum Validum Display) (1987)
    • Box 9, folder 5-7; United States Patent Application – Nuclear Reactions Using Charge Clusters (1996-2000)
  • Series V. Notebooks, 1940-1993, undated

    Arranged alphabetically by subject, this series contains Kenneth R. Shoulders' notebooks. Most of the notebooks were created by Shoulders himself and provide limited documentation of his professional, personal, and school activities between 1940 and 1993. This series also contains photocopies of six research notebooks created by famed electrical engineer and inventor Dudley A. Buck, a colleague of Shoulders at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The copies of Buck's notebooks document research he conducted at MIT.

    The contents of this series consist mainly of ring notebooks. Eight unbound notebooks (including the photocopies of Dudley A. Buck's notebooks) and four bound notebooks are also found here. A handful of Shoulders' pocket notebooks are preserved in this series as well.

    • Box 9, folder 8; Dudley A. Buck – Computation Book – 12/16/53 to 1/11/55 (Photocopy) (undated)
    • Box 9, folder 9; Dudley A. Buck – Computation Book – 1/18/55 to 2/1/56 (Photocopy) (undated)
    • Box 9, folder 10; Dudley A. Buck – Computation Book – 3/28/58 to 5/18/59 (Photocopy) (undated)
    • Box 9, folder 11; Dudley A. Buck – Computation Book – Computer Components, 1/25/56 to 6/10/58 (Photocopy) (undated)
    • Box 9, folder 12; Dudley A. Buck – Computation Book – Computer Components, Hot Flow from Cryotrons, 6/10/58 to 6/12/58 (Photocopy) (undated)
    • Box 9, folder 13; Dudley A. Buck – Computation Book – M.I.T. Computer Lab, 4/15/53 to 12/15/53 (Photocopy) (undated)
    • Box 9, folder 14; Kenneth R. Shoulders – General Science 2C (1940)
    • Box 9, folder 15; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Gyro Copter Notebook, July 4, 1961 (1961-1962)
    • Box 9, folder 16; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Gyroplane Contacts, Started Entries July 24, 1963 (1963-1964)
    • Box 9, folder 17; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Jupiter Prod., June 76-Nov. 16, 1977; Started Again for Shadow Work, Aug. 5, 1992- (1977-1993)
    • Box 9, folder 18; Kenneth R. Shoulders – K. Shoulders, M.I.T., 10-381, 1956 (1956)
    • Box 9, folder 19; Kenneth R. Shoulders – K.R. Shoulders, Aug. 1971 to, Woodside, California (1971)
    • Box 9, folder 20; Kenneth R. Shoulders – K.R. Shoulders, MIT, Room 10-397, Dec. 1955 (1953-1957)
    • Box 9, folder 21; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Kenneth S., H 4, Geography Workbook (undated)
    • Box 10, Kenneth R. Shoulders – Lab Notebook of Kenneth R. Shoulders (1953-1954)
    • Box 10, folder 2; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Miscellaneous Pocket Notebooks (1958-1980, undated)
    • Box 10, folder 3; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Notebook of Kenneth R. Shoulders (1951)
    • Box 10, folder 4; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Notebook of Kenneth R. Shoulders, Digital Control Systems, Inc., La Jolla, California (1953)
    • Box 10, folder 5; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Oct. 22, 1966 (1966-1968)
    • Box 10, folder 6; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Part 3, Notes for Development of Multiplex Control Systems (1947)
    • Box 10, folder 7; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Scratch Paper Notebook on Shadow and C.F. (1992-1993)
    • Box 10, folder 8; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Unidentified Note Binder (undated)
    • Box 10, folder 9; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Unidentified Notebook (undated)
    • Box 10, folder 10; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Unidentified Notebook (undated)
  • Series VI. Manuscripts, 1958-1988, undated

    Arranged alphabetically by subject, this series contains manuscripts written by Kenneth R. Shoulders. The materials preserved in this series provide written documentation of research he conducted between the late 1950s and late 1980s. Most of items in this series were later printed or published, some examples of which are preserved in Series IV – Patent Files, Series VII – Papers, Presentations, and Speeches, and Series VIII – Printed Materials.

    A large majority of the manuscripts in this series were written by Shoulders during his tenure at Stanford Research Institute, which include those of various SRI publications and proposals. A smaller, but noticeable, number of manuscripts written by Shoulders as part of his independent physics research on Electrum Validum are found in this series, which include, but are not limited to those for his book EV, A Tale of Discovery. Two manuscripts of speeches given by Shoulders at professional conferences are also preserved here.

    Typed manuscripts make up a majority of the materials in this series. A noticeable number of printed manuscripts and a few handwritten manuscripts are also found here. A small amount of accompanying materials, including notes and drawing reproductions, are preserved in this series as well.

    • Box 10, folder 11; A.F. Proposal (1962 December)
    • Box 10, folder 12; Application of Electron Beam Machining Techniques to Semiconductors (1960-1961)
    • Box 10, folder 13; The Electromagnetic Vortex, A Prospectus (1981, undated)
    • Box 10, folder 14; Electronic Micromachining Techniques (1958)
    • Box 10, folder 15; EV, A Tale of Discovery – Drawing List (1987)
    • Box 10, folder 16; EV, A Tale of Discovery – Edited Illustrations (Photocopies) (circa 1987)
    • Box 10, folder 17-18; EV, A Tale of Discovery – Miscellaneous Manuscripts (1986-1987)
    • Box 10, folder 19; EV, A Tale of Discovery – Photo Lists (1987)
    • Box 10, folder 20; EV, A Tale of Discovery – Printed Manuscript – Edited (1987)
    • Box 10, folder 21-22; EV, A Tale of Discovery – Printed Manuscript – Original (1987)
    • Box 10, folder 23; EV Inventions by K.R. Shoulders – Final Draft (1984-1985)
    • Box 10, folder 24; EV Inventions by K.R. Shoulders – First Draft (1984)
    • Box 11, folder 1; Gyrodyne Convertiplane Proposal (1965-1966)
    • Box 11, folder 2; Manufacture of Microdimensional Electron Tubes and Electronic Devices (undated)
    • Box 11, folder 3; Microelectronics – Draft of Chapter I (circa 1960)
    • Box 11, folder 4; Microelectronics – Draft of Outline (circa 1960)
    • Box 11, folder 5; On Microelectronic Components, Interconnection and System Fabrication (1960)
    • Box 11, folder 6; Our Talk on Machine Organization – More Noise on Order (undated)
    • Box 11, folder 7; Patent Specification, Production and Manipulation of High Charge Density (circa 1988)
    • Box 11, folder 8; PGEC Talk (1958)
    • Box 11, folder 9; Proposal for Research in Electronic Microtechniques (undated)
    • Box 11, folder 10; Proposal for Roadable Convertiplane (1965)
    • Box 11, folder 11; Report – Project 9104 – Manufacture of Micro-Miniature Electron Tubes (undated)
    • Box 11, folder 12-13; Research in Microelectronics Using Electron-Beam-Activated Machining Techniques – Interim Report – Draft 1 (1960)
    • Box 11, folder 14-15; Research in Microelectronics Using Electron-Beam-Activated Machining Techniques – Interim Report – Draft 2 (1960)
    • Box 11, folder 16-17; Research in Microelectronics Using Electron-Beam-Activated Machining Techniques – Interim Report – Draft 3 (1960)
    • Box 11, folder 18; Research in Microminiaturization Using Electronic Machining Techniques (1958)
    • Box 11, folder 19; Research on Electron-Activated Microminiaturization (1959, 1961 )
    • Box 11, folder 20; Simulation of Neural Networks by Optical-Photographic Methods (undated)
    • Box 11, folder 21; Surveillance Equipment for Earth Satellite (1959)
    • Box 11, folder 22; Surveillance Recording System (1959)
    • Box 11, folder 23; Toward Complex Systems – Illustrations (1964)
    • Box 11, folder 24; Toward Complex Systems – Miscellaneous Manuscripts (1964)
    • Box 11, folder 25; Unidentified Manuscripts (1958, undated)
    • Box 11, folder 26; Western Joint Computer Conference (WJCC) Talk (1960)
  • Series VII. Papers, Presentations, and Speeches, 1951-2006, undated

    Arranged chronologically by subject, this series contains papers, presentations, and speeches collected by Kenneth R. Shoulders over the course of his career. Most the materials in this series were created by Shoulders himself, but a significant amount of material created by others (including colleagues of Shoulders) are also found here.

    The materials preserved in the Papers, Presentations, and Speeches series provide documentation of research conducted by Shoulders over the course of his career. These files also provide a limited amount of information regarding research carried out by others in topics of interest to Shoulders. This series also provides written documentation of Shoulders' outreach activities within the engineering and scientific communities.

    Copies of papers, presentations, and speeches by Shoulders make up a majority of the materials in this series. Copies of papers and speeches by other researchers also make up a significant portion of the materials in this series. A handful of original typed papers and speeches by Shoulders are found in this series as well.

    • Box 11, folder 27; Dennis Cogswell – Papers By (1964, undated)
    • Box 11, folder 28; Cold Fusion – Papers (Photocopies) (1993-1998, undated)
    • Box 11, folder 29; Miscellaneous Papers (1960-1979)
    • Box 11, folder 30; Miscellaneous Papers (1981-2004)
    • Box 11, folder 31; Miscellaneous Papers (undated)
    • Box 11, folder 32; H.E. Puthoff – Papers By (1988-1989)
    • Box 11, folder 33; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Papers By (1951)
    • Box 12, folder 1; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Papers By (1952)
    • Box 12, folder 2; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Papers By (1957-1958)
    • Box 12, folder 3; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Papers By (1960-1964)
    • Box 12, folder 4; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Papers By (1987-1999)
    • Box 12, folder 5; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Papers By (2000-2006)
    • Box 12, folder 6; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Papers By (undated)
    • Box 12, folder 7; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Presentations By (2002)
    • Box 12, folder 8; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Presentations By (2003)
    • Box 12, folder 9; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Presentations By (2005)
    • Box 12, folder 10; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Presentations By (undated)
    • Box 12, folder 11; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Proposals By (1951-1993)
    • Box 12, folder 12; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Speeches By (1961-1971, undated)
    • Box 12, folder 13; Special Purpose Tubes – Papers (1951)
  • Series VIII. Printed Materials, 1950-2008, undated

    Arranged alphabetically by subject, this series contains printed materials collected by Kenneth R. Shoulders over the course of his career. Shoulders wrote, contributed to, or is mentioned in a majority of materials in this series. Of particular interest are the copies of Shoulders' book EV, A Tale of Discovery, the publications he wrote for Jupiter Technologies, and the various printed materials Shoulders wrote for the Stanford Research Institute.

    This series also contains a significant amount of materials that have no connection to Kenneth R. Shoulders, but do pertain to topics that were of interest to him. The topics represented by these materials include, but are not limited to, microelectronics, aviation, and cold fusion.

    The contents of this series consist mainly of publications, which include, but are not limited to, reports, government documents, conference programs, conference proceedings, proposals, and printed technical papers. Clippings of articles, photocopies of articles, and article reprints are also in the Printed Materials series. A few magazines and journals, including issues of Journal of Applied Physics, Microminiaturization, and Research for Industry are also preserved in this series. A handful of books, including two copies of Shoulders' EV, A Tale of Discovery and two photocopies of books regarding cold fusion are found here as well.

    • Box 12, folder 14; 1st International Conference on Future Energy – Program (1999)
    • Box 12, folder 15; Aerospace General Company – Mini-Copter – Brochures (undated)
    • Box 12, Franz L. Alt – Advances in Computers (1961-1962)
    • Box 12, American Vacuum Society – 13th National Vacuum Symposium – Proceedings (1966)
    • Box 12, folder 18; Applied Low Resolution Mass Spectrometry – Brochure and Application (1968)
    • Box 12, folder 19; Frank Close – Too Hot to Handle, The Race for Cold Fusion (Photocopy) (undated)
    • Box 12, folder 20; Cold Fusion – Articles (Photocopies) (1989-1992)
    • Box 12, folder 21; Cold Fusion – Articles (Photocopies) (1993-1996, undated)
    • Box 12, folder 22; Conference on Navy Laboratory Microelectronics Program – Proceedings (1961)
    • Box 12, folder 23; Eastern Joint Computer Conference – Proceedings (1958)
    • Box 12, folder 24; Electric Spacecraft Journal, October/November/December Issue (1995 October 16)
    • Box 12, folder 25; Gisela Eckhardt – Articles By (1971-1980, undated)
    • Box 12, folder 26; Federal Aviation Agency – Basic Helicopter Handbook (1965)
    • Box 12, folder 27; Grid (1958 November)
    • Box 13, folder 1; Hillier Helicopters – XROE-1 Rotorcycle – Brochure (undated)
    • Box 13, folder 2; John R. Huizenga – Cold Fusion, The Scientific Fiasco of the Century (Photocopy) (1993)
    • Box 13, folder 3; International Society for Optical Engineering – Los Angeles Technical Symposium & Exhibit – Program (1982)
    • Box 13, folder 4; John Jeavons – How to Grow More Vegetables (1974-1975)
    • Box 13, folder 5; Journal of Applied Physics (1968 June)
    • Box 13, folder 6; A Journal of Cooperative Living Communities (1975 May/June)
    • Box 13, folder 7; Jupiter Technologies – Compendium of Condensed Charge Technology Documentation (1989)
    • Box 13, folder 8; Jupiter Technologies – Conceptual Designs for a Flat Panel Visual Display Using EV Technology (1988)
    • Box 13, folder 9; Jupiter Technologies – Nine Elementary Experiments in EV Technology – Version 1 (White cover) (1988)
    • Box 13, folder 10; Jupiter Technologies – Nine Elementary Experiments in EV Technology – Version 2 (Green cover) (1988)
    • Box 13, folder 11; Jupiter Technologies – Patent Specification, Production and Manipulation of High Charge Density – Copy 1 (1988)
    • Box 13, folder 12; Jupiter Technologies – Patent Specification, Production and Manipulation of High Charge Density – Copy 2 (1988)
    • Box 13, folder 13; Jupiter Technologies – Volume I, Technical Proposal: A Flat Panel Display Based on Charge Cluster Technology – Version 1 (White cover) (1989)
    • Box 13, folder 14; Jupiter Technologies – Volume I, Technical Proposal: A Flat Panel Display Based on Charge Cluster Technology – Version 2 (Green cover) (1989)
    • Box 13, folder 15; Jupiter Technologies – Volume I, Technical Proposal: A Flat Panel Display Based on Charge Cluster Technology – Version 3 (Blue cover) (1989)
    • Box 13, folder 16; Jupiter Technologies – Volume II, Management and Cost Proposal: A Flat Panel Display Based on Charge Cluster Technology (1989)
    • Box 13, folder 17; Jupiter Technologies, Incorporated and Energy Products Corporation – Condensed Charge Technology (C.C.T.) (1990)
    • Box 13, folder 18; Massachusetts Institute of Technology – High Speed Computer System Research, Quarterly Progress Report No. 1 (1958 January 31)
    • Box 13, folder 19; Massachusetts Institute of Technology – Lincoln Laboratory Telephone Directory (1957 August)
    • Box 13, folder 20; Massachusetts Institute of Technology – Project Whirlwind, Digital Computer Laboratory, No. 49 First Quarter (1957 January-March)
    • Box 13, folder 21; Massachusetts Institute of Technology – RLE Currents (1988 December)
    • Box 13, folder 22; Massachusetts Institute of Technology – Staff Telephone Directory (1957 December 20)
    • Box 13, folder 23; Microminiaturization (1960 November 25)
    • Box 13, folder 24; Miscellaneous Articles (Mostly photocopies) (1950-1959)
    • Box 13, folder 25; Miscellaneous Articles (Mostly photocopies) (1960-1969)
    • Box 13, folder 26; Miscellaneous Articles (Mostly photocopies) (1970-1975)
    • Box 13, folder 27; Miscellaneous Articles (Mostly photocopies) (1976-1979)
    • Box 14, folder 1; Miscellaneous Articles (Mostly photocopies) (1980-1988)
    • Box 14, folder 2; Miscellaneous Articles (1990-1999)
    • Box 14, folder 3; Miscellaneous Articles (Mostly photocopies) (2004-2008)
    • Box 14, folder 4; Miscellaneous Articles (Mostly photocopies) (undated)
    • Box 14, folder 5; Miscellaneous Web Printouts (2004-2007)
    • Box 14, folder 6; National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics – 1954 Research Memoranda (1966)
    • Box 14, folder 7; National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics – 1955 Research Memoranda (1966)
    • Box 14, folder 8; National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics – 1956 Research Memoranda (1966)
    • Box 14, folder 9; National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics – Technical Note 4355 (1966)
    • Box 14, folder 10; National Aeronautics and Space Administration – Analytical and Developmental Investigation of Electron Strip Multipliers, Final Report, Phase III (1967 December)
    • Box 14, folder 11; National Aeronautics and Space Administration – Technical Notes (1966)
    • Box 14, folder 12; Naval Research Reviews (1959 June)
    • Box 14, folder 13; H.E. Puthoff – Articles By (1987, 1989)
    • Box 14, folder 14; Reciprocity (Photocopy) (1981 Spring)
    • Box 14, folder 15; Ryan Aeronautical Company – Proposal for a Phase I Development Program of the Gyrosail System for the Recovery of Space Vehicles and Booster Rockets (1965 March 1)
    • Box 14, folder 16; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Articles About (Mostly photocopies) (1956-1994, undated)
    • Box 14, folder 17; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Articles By (1964-1965, undated)
    • Box 14, folder 18; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Electrum Validum Apparatus – Drawing Reproductions (undated)
    • Box 14, Kenneth R. Shoulders – EV, A Tale of Discovery – Book Version – Copy 1 (1987)
    • Box 14, Kenneth R. Shoulders – EV, A Tale of Discovery – Book Version – Copy 2 (1987)
    • Box 14, folder 21; Kenneth R. Shoulders – EV, A Tale of Discovery – Printed Version – Copy 1 (1987)
    • Box 14, folder 22; Kenneth R. Shoulders – EV, A Tale of Discovery – Printed Version – Copy 2 (1987)
    • Box 14, folder 23; Kenneth R. Shoulders – EV Inventions by K.R. Shoulders (1985)
    • Box 14, folder 24; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Volume I, Technical Proposal: A Flat Panel Display Based on Charge Cluster Technology (undated)
    • Box 15, folder 1; John G. Siambis – Behavior of Plasmoid Injected Into a Rising Magnetic Field for Initiating Fusion Reactions – Final Report (1974 May)
    • Box 15, folder 2; Stanford Research Institute – Application of Electron-Beam Machining Techniques to Semiconductors – Final Report (1961 April)
    • Box 15, folder 3; Stanford Research Institute – Application of Electron-Beam Machining Techniques to Semiconductors – Quarterly Status Reports (1960-1961)
    • Box 15, folder 4; Stanford Research Institute – Applied Research in Microminiature Field Emission Tubes – Final Report (1962 September)
    • Box 15, folder 5; Stanford Research Institute – Proposals for Research (1958, 1965)
    • Box 15, folder 6; Stanford Research Institute – Proposals for Research (1967)
    • Box 15, folder 7; Stanford Research Institute – Proposals for Research (1969)
    • Box 15, folder 8; Stanford Research Institute – Research for Industry (1960 May-June)
    • Box 15, folder 9; Stanford Research Institute – Research in Microelectronics Using Electron-Beam-Activated Machining Techniques – Interim Scientific Report – Copy 1 (1960 September)
    • Box 15, folder 10; Stanford Research Institute – Research in Microelectronics Using Electron-Beam-Activated Machining Techniques – Interim Scientific Report – Copy 2 (1960 September)
    • Box 15, folder 11; Stanford Research Institute – Research in Microminiaturization Using Electron-Beam-Activated Machining Techniques – Final Report (1967 December)
    • Box 15, folder 12; Stanford Research Institute – Research on Electron-Activated Microminiaturization – Quarterly Status Reports (1961-1964)
    • Box 15, folder 13; Stanford Research Institute – Research on Novel Image Pick-up and Intensifier Devices for Night Vision – Phase I (U) (1969 January)
    • Box 15, folder 14; Stanford Research Institute – SR Intercom (1969 February 26)
    • Box 15, folder 15; Stanford Research Institute – Technical Papers (1958-1971)
    • Box 15, folder 16; United States Army Electronics Command – Applied Research in Thin-Film-Field-Emission Tubes – Final Report (1968 March)
    • Box 15, folder 17; United States Army Electronics Command – High-Information-Density Storage Surfaces – 16th Quarterly Report (1969 July)
    • Box 15, folder 18; United States Army Electronics Command – High-Information-Density Storage Surfaces – Final Report (1970 June)
    • Box 15, folder 19; United States Army Transportation Research Command – Flexible Wing Individual Drop Glider (Photostat) (1963, 1966)
    • Box 15, folder 20; United States Department of Agriculture – Soil Survey, San Mateo Area, California (1961)
    • Box 15, folder 21; United States Department of Commerce – Climate of California (1970)
    • Box 15, folder 22; Sam Urshan – Homebuilt Helicopters – Publications (1957, undated)
    • Box 15, folder 23; Zeropoint – The Zeropoint "Ultimate" Hybrid – Publication (2004)
  • Series IX. Audio-Visual Materials, 1956-2001, undated

    This series contains audio-visual materials collected by Kenneth R. Shoulders. The contents of the Audio-Visual Materials are arranged into the following three sub-series:

    • Sub-series 1. Motion Picture Films, undated

      Arranged by alphabetically by subject, this sub-series contains two 16 mm motion picture films: 3D-3Ø Containment and Part. Containment.

      • Box 16A, 16 mm Motion Picture Film – 3D-3Ø Containment (undated)
      • Box 16B, 16 mm Motion Picture Film – Part. Containment (undated)
    • Sub-series 2. Audio Recordings, 1956-1993, undated

      Arranged alphabetically by format and title, this sub-series contains Kenneth R. Shoulders' audio recordings. Nine audiocassette tapes, including those of conversations between Shoulders and a few of his colleagues are preserved here. Two dictation disks of Shoulders' correspondence are found in this sub-series as well.

      • Box 16C, Audiocassette Tape – Caribbean 1/91 (1991 January)
      • Box 16C, Audiocassette Tape – Daily Notes, Daynote (1) (undated)
      • Box 16C, Audiocassette Tape – Holihan 6/21/90 (1990 June 21)
      • Box 16C, Audiocassette Tape – Nigel (1991-1993)
      • Box 16C, Audiocassette Tape – Nigel (1992)
      • Box 16C, Audiocassette Tape – Orig. Video Tape #1 (undated)
      • Box 16C, Audiocassette Tape – Phone Calls Sept.-Dec. 1991 (1991)
      • Box 16C, Audiocassette Tape – Toersley, Holihan, Knopp, April 22, 25, 29 to 30 – Full Tape (undated)
      • Box 16C, Audiocassette Tape – TV Notes #3 (undated)
      • Box 16D, folder 1; Dictation Disk – Frenchtown Porcelain Company, Advanced Vacuum, & Giannini (undated)
      • Box 16D, folder 2; Dictation Disk – Superregen R.F. Amp. (1956 March 18)
    • Sub-series 3. Videotapes, 1994-2001, undated

      Arranged alphabetically by title, this sub-series contains ten VHS videotapes belonging to Kenneth R. Shoulders. The video footage recorded on the tapes includes but is not limited to, presentations given by Shoulders, interviews of Shoulders and a couple of his colleagues, Shoulders' property, and members of the Shoulders Family.

      • Box 16E, VHS Videotape – #1 6/25/99 – Ken Shoulders Presentation S.F.; #2 6/25/99 – Ken Shoulders Visits (1999 June 25)
      • Box 16E, VHS Videotape – 1025 Freestone from 4/11/94 to 7/15/94 (1994)
      • Box 16E, VHS Videotape – 1025 Freestone #2, 7/16/94 (1994 July 16)
      • Box 16E, VHS Videotape – Family '94, '95, '97 (1995-1997)
      • Box 16E, VHS Videotape – Hal Fox & Ken Shoulders – Original – 4 Hrs – 6/27/97 (1997 June 27)
      • Box 16E, VHS Videotape – Integrity Research Institute Conference on Future Energy – Ken Shoulders, Somerset Power Corp. – "Charge Clusters in Action" – Copy 1 (1999 April 29)
      • Box 16E, VHS Videotape – Integrity Research Institute Conference on Future Energy – Ken Shoulders, Somerset Power Corp. – "Charge Clusters in Action" – Copy 2 (1999 April 29)
      • Box 16E, VHS Videotape – Ken Shoulders – Linda Talk (1997 July)
      • Box 16E, VHS Videotape – Lab Tape #1 – VHS Portable Recorder (undated)
      • Box 16E, VHS Videotape – Larry Brill on 8803 Fairway Hills Dr. (1994)
      • Box 16E, VHS Videotape – Oct. 11 Video (undated )
      • Box 16E, VHS Videotape – Robust Physical Domain/Subtle Energies – William Tiller – Tape #2 (1997)
      • Box 16E, VHS Videotape – SNL – May 20 – Austin? (undated)
      • Box 16E, VHS Videotape – Technical – May '94 thru- (1994-2001)
      • Box 16F, VHS Videotape – Technical Feb. '95 - #2 Color (1995)
      • Box 16F, VHS Videotape – Unidentified Videotape (undated)
  • Series X. Electronic Storage Materials, 1980-2008, undated

    This series contains electronic storage materials collected by Kenneth R. Shoulders. The contents of the Electronic Storage Materials are arranged into the following three sub-series:

    • Sub-series 1. Floppy Disks, 1980-1999, undated

      Arranged alphabetically by format and title, this sub-series consists of Kenneth R. Shoulders' computer floppy disks. It is presumed that most of the disks in this sub-series contain electronic documents saved from Shoulders' computer/computers regarding his research, which include, but are not limited to, notes, correspondence, and drawings. A few disks containing software used by Shoulders on his computers are also found here.

      5.25 inch floppy disks make up a large majority of the items found in this sub-series. Eleven 3.5 inch floppy disks and one Zip Disk are also preserved in this sub-series. A handful of accompanying printed directories are found in this sub-series as well.

      • Box 17, 3.5 Inch Floppy Disk – From Conrad: Graphic Filters for Word to ACAD.DXF (undated)
      • Box 17, 3.5 Inch Floppy Disk – Patent Application filed 9/11/97 – "Nuclear Reactions Using Charge Clusters" (1997)
      • Box 17, 3.5 Inch Floppy Disk – Summa Sketch II, Drivers/Utilities (1991)
      • Box 17, 3.5 Inch Floppy Disk – Unidentified Floppy Disk (1999 May 26)
      • Box 17, 3.5 Inch Floppy Disks – 7 Diskettes from Surface Sci. Lab on 8/6/96 – Tif. Files of 7 Micrographics on Dash Palladium Foil of Nickel Film on Aluminum Trioxide (1996)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disk – ½ Megabyte Files Root Dir (Excess) (undated)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disk – Autocad Files: Deflect.dwg; Displpat.dwg; Dispprop.dwg (undated)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disk – Com Lynx – Graphic and Text Drivers (undated)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disk – Daynote1.Doc (undated)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disk – ENRGTCR; INNE.doc; EVOVER; EVNUKE; EVbrief (undated)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disk – EV Book – 11 Files – Autocad252.dwgfiles (undated)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disk – Hewlett Packard – HP48SX Demo for IBM-compatible PCS (1990)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disk – Ken #2 (undated)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disk – KRS Vol. 3 – Start 12/5/88 (1984-1988)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disk – Ontrack Computer Systems, Incorporated – Disk Manager; Disk Manager Diagnostics (circa 1987)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disk – Tank Backup #1 (undated)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disk – ThinkTank Version 2.0 – Program Disk – IBM PC (1983)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disk – Tunscan, Etc. (1980-1984)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disk – Unidentified Floppy Disk (undated)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disk – Vol. RT Dir. – 8/93 (1993)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disk – Volume Book.LT – LC Guide, Display (undated)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disk – Volume Copy WS 12 – (All WS 2000 subdir. thru 12/87 except book) (undated)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disk – Wordplus Backup #1 (undated)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disk – WS 2000\KS #1 (undated)
      • Box 17, folder 25; 5.25 Inch Floppy Disk – XTREE (undated)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disks – Autocad Backup #1-4 (undated)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disks – Backup #1-11 – 5/29/87 (1987)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disks – Backup #3-4 – 20 March 85 (1980-1986)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disks – Book 1-2 (undated)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disks – Convert 1-11 (undated)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disks – Floppy 1-3 – Backups (1980-1986)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disks – Jupiter Book (1987)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disks – Ken Shoulders Backup 1-3 (1984-1985)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disks – KRS Copy #3-6 (1989-1993)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disks – KS Braker (1986, undated)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disks – Norton Adv. 4.5 (undated)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disks – Root Directory Backup 1-2 (1980-1986)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disks – Wordstar 2000 Backups 1-3 (undated)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disk – WS2000 – Copy 10-87 – #1-2 (1988)
      • Box 17, 5.25 Inch Floppy Disk – Xfer 1-1A – Nine Experiments (1988-1989)
      • Box 17, Zip Disk – From Hawkins, upgrade package for system graphics/sound/input (undated)
    • Sub-series 2. CD-ROMs and DVDs, 1997-2008

      Arranged alphabetically by format and by title, this sub-series contains Kenneth R. Shoulders' CD-ROMs and DVDS. Its contents consist of eight CD-ROMs and four DVDs.

      The CD ROMs contain electronic documents saved from Shoulders' computer/computers regarding his research on aircraft and Electrum Validum, which include, but are not limited to, notes, correspondence, drawings, publications, papers, PowerPoint presentations, and digital photographs.

      The DVDs contain an HP Vista backup of a computer belonging to Kenneth R. Shoulders' wife Claire Shoulders. Audio recordings of music saved by Claire Shoulders are found on these DVDs. Digital photographs, which include images of the Shoulders Family and other miscellaneous subjects are found on these DVDs as well.

      Selected items in this sub-series are closed to researchers until 2065.

      • Box 17, CD-ROM – C. Evans Assoc. – Nickel in EV Reactor #3-4 – SEM EDX - 4/25/03 (2003)
      • Box 17, CD-ROM – KRS 1 (Faulty) (1997-1998)
      • Box 17, CD-ROM – KRS_Files_to_1_1_00 (2000)
      • Box 17, CD-ROM – KRS Files to 6/30/99 (1999)
      • Box 17, CD-ROM – KRS Files to 12/1/99 (1999)
      • Box 17, CD-ROM – KS Files for 2002 Less Publisher Files (2003)
      • Box 17, CD-ROM – KS Pub 2002 Less Inst. & Apparatus (Corrupted) (2003)
      • Box 17, CD-ROM – KS to 3/3/99 – Charge Clusters in Action 3/3/99 (1999)
      • Box 17, DVD – HP Vista 5/31/2008 – Disc 1 (2008)
      • Box 17, DVD – HP Vista 5/31/2008 – Disc 2 (2008)
      • Box 17, DVD – HP Vista 5/31/2008 – Disc 3 (2008)
      • Box 17, DVD – HP Vista 5/31/2008 – Disc 4 (2008)
    • Sub-series 3. Mini Data Cartridges, 1989-1993

      Arranged alphabetically by title, this sub-series consists of three computer mini data cartridges, which contain electronic documents saved from Kenneth R. Shoulders' computer/computers. It is presumed that the documents saved on the data cartridges in this sub-series pertain to Shoulders' research, which could include, but not be limited to, notes, correspondence, and drawings. An accompanying printed directory to one of the data cartridges is found in this sub-series as well.

      • Box 17, Backup of C: 6/23/93 (1993)
      • Box 17, BAK 8-7-93 (Pos. Corrupt Files) (1993)
      • Box 17, BAK2 – Aug. 9 Backup (1989-1993)
  • Series XI. Oversized, 1944-1975, undated

    This series contains miscellaneous oversized items belonging to Kenneth R. Shoulders. The contents of Box 18 are arranged alphabetically by subject. Boxes 19 thru 22 contain one item each and are arranged alphabetically by subject.

    The series' contents consist of a variety of materials. Five sets of drawings, including, but not limited to those of the Helicopter Escape and Rescue Outfit and quadrupole mass spectrometer are found in this series. Two sets of blueprints, specifically of the Helicopter Escape and Rescue Outfit and the rotodynamic vacuum pump are also in the Oversized series. Photocopies of miscellaneous journal articles, Shoulders' high school diploma, and a caricature drawing of Shoulders are found in this series as well.

    • Box 18, folder 1; Helicopter Escape and Rescue Outfit (HERO) – Blueprints (undated)
    • Box 18, folder 2; Helicopter Escape and Rescue Outfit (HERO) – Drawings (undated)
    • Box 18, folder 3; Miscellaneous Articles (Photocopies) (undated)
    • Box 18, folder 4; North Dallas High School – Diploma (1944)
    • Box 18, folder 5; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Artwork – Caricature (undated)
    • Box 18, folder 6; Vertitek Corporation – .3 Horsepower Silent Engine – Drawings (1970)
    • Box 19, Boomerang Surveillance System – Rolled Drawings (1973, 1975)
    • Box 20, Double Ended Turbopump – Rolled Drawings (1972)
    • Box 21, Rotodynamic Vacuum Pump – Rolled Blueprints (1973)
    • Box 22, Stanford Research Institute – Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer – Rolled Drawings (1960-1961, undated)
  • Series XII. Artifacts, undated

    Arranged alphabetically by subject, this series contains artifacts retained by Kenneth R. Shoulders. Its contents consist of a set of ceramic aircraft engine parts and a small box of unidentified samples, which are possibly from Shoulders' Electrum Validum experiments.

    • Box 23, Ceramic Aircraft Engine Parts (undated)
    • Box 23, Unidentified Samples (Possibly from Shoulders' Electrum Validum experiments) (undated)
  • Series XIII. Photographic Materials, 1955-2009, undated

    This series contains photographic materials, which mainly document research and engineering work conducted by Kenneth R. Shoulders. To a much lesser extent, Shoulders' life and career are also documented in these materials. The contents of the Photographic Materials are arranged into the following seven sub-series:

    Note – Item level cataloging may be available, consult Image Archives.

    • Sub-series 1. Photographs, 1957-2009, undated

      Arranged alphabetically by subject, this sub-series consists of Kenneth R. Shoulders' photographs. A majority of the images in this sub-series concern his research on Electrum Validum. A significant number of images regarding Shoulders' research and engineering work on aircraft and microelectronics are also found in this sub-series. A few images of Shoulders himself, members of his family, and other miscellaneous subjects are preserved in this sub-series as well.

      Photographs of various sizes make up the bulk of the materials in this sub-series. A handful of photo reproductions of various types are also found in this series. A few files pertaining to Shoulders' Electrum Validum research contain samples (mostly metal, but also a few epoxy and glass samples). A small amount of accompanying materials, including correspondence, notes, drawing reproductions, and graphs are found here as well.

      Note – Item level cataloging may be available, consult Image Archives.

      • Box 24, folder 1; 0.15 Cubic Inch Diesel Engine (undated)
      • Box 24, folder 2; #2 Spectrometer and Spectrum (undated)
      • Box 24, folder 3; 5 Inch Long Exotic Vacuum Objects Run (2009)
      • Box 24, folder 4; 5 Minute Epoxy and Silicon Carbide on Aluminum (1998-1999)
      • Box 24, folder 5; 5 Minute Epoxy, Boron Carbide, Induction Coil in Air (1998 January 1)
      • Box 24, folder 6; 10 KV, 10 PFTEXT., Hydrogen Gas on Stainless Steel (1997 December 5)
      • Box 24, folder 7; 28th International Field Emission Symposium (1981)
      • Box 24, folder 8; 50 Horsepower Counter Rotating Propeller Drive (2001)
      • Box 24, folder 9; 50 Horsepower Hirth Counter Rotating Propeller Drive and Frangible Blades (2001 December 17)
      • Box 24, folder 10; 90 Horsepower Hydrogen Peroxide Powered Rocket on Rollerblade (undated)
      • Box 24, folder 11; 90% Hydrogen Peroxide Powered Liquid Rocket and Rotor Blade (undated)
      • Box 24, folder 12; 1997 Photos (1997)
      • Box 24, folder 13; Airtable and Lab View, Water Pulse Generator, and Vortex Flow Parts and Molds (2000 April 11)
      • Box 24, folder 14; Alumina Etching (1996 July 3)
      • Box 24, folder 15; Aluminum and CR. Witness Plates with Substructure (1981 December 27)
      • Box 24, folder 16; Aluminum Oxide Hole Boring and Induction Coil Tunneling (1997)
      • Box 24, folder 17; Application of Electron-Beam Machining Techniques to Semiconductors – Illustrations (1961)
      • Box 24, folder 18; Arc-Etch Apparatus (1986)
      • Box 24, folder 19; Bead Chain Prints (undated)
      • Box 24, folder 20; Bead Chains (undated)
      • Box 24, folder 21; Beam Formed Apertures (1978, undated)
      • Box 24, folder 22; Beam Formed Emitters (1979)
      • Box 24, folder 23; Beam Formed Structures (1979)
      • Box 24, folder 24; Benson Gyrocopter (1957, 1963, undated)
      • Box 24, folder 25; Ceramic Engine Parts (undated)
      • Box 24, folder 26; Channel to Cover Optical Photos (1986 November 12)
      • Box 24, folder 27; Channels in Aluminum Oxide Cut by Electrum Validum (1986 October 10)
      • Box 24, folder 28; Channels of Aluminum Oxide (1986 October 9)
      • Box 24, folder 29; Charge Clusters in Action – Photo Illustrations (2004)
      • Box 24, folder 30; Charles Evans & Associates – Electrum Validum Strikes (1996 July 9)
      • Box 24, folder 31; Charles Evans & Associates – Electrum Validum Strikes (1998 June)
      • Box 24, folder 32; Kaye Church (1981)
      • Box 24, folder 33; Clicker, Diggler, White Lightning, and Deflection Switch (2001 July 29)
      • Box 24, folder 34; Color Photos of Lab Apparatus, Storage Element, and Multiplier Stuff (undated)
      • Box 24, folder 35; Copper (II) Oxide on Copper (1997 December 22)
      • Box 24, folder 36; Copper (II) Oxide on Copper (1998)
      • Box 24, folder 37; Copper Grids with Silicon, CR. – Shot with Electrum Validum Gun over .001 Titanium – SEM of Carbon Target (1983 May 2)
      • Box 24, folder 38; CR. Anode, Mercury Cathode Faint Circle (1981 December 31)
      • Box 24, folder 39; CR. Substrate, Micro West (1982 January 8)
      • Box 24, folder 40; CR. Target, 10 KV, Minitrode (1982 September 29)
      • Box 24, folder 41; Cyclic-Collective Pitch Test Rig (1996 December 9)
      • Box 24, folder 42; John Dash – Pd. (1996 May 24)
      • Box 24, folder 43; John Dash – Pd. (1996 May 26)
      • Box 24, folder 44; John Dash – Pd. and Tesla (1996 June 21)
      • Box 24, folder 45; John Dash – Pd. with Tesla Strikes in Air (1996 May 31)
      • Box 24, folder 46; Early Micromachining Micrographs (undated)
      • Box 24, folder 47; Electric Spacecraft Journal – Cover Photo – October/November/December Issue (1995 October 16)
      • Box 24, folder 48; Electron Multiplier and Apparatus (undated)
      • Box 24, folder 49; Electron Optical System and Construction Apparatus (undated)
      • Box 24, folder 50; Electron Runs (1973)
      • Box 24, folder 51; Electrum Validum Apparatus and Workshop (undated)
      • Box 24, folder 52; Electrum Validum Borings (1989 October 21)
      • Box 24, folder 53; Electrum Validum Borings Through Alumina Plates (1989 October 22)
      • Box 24, folder 54; Electrum Validum Borings Through Separated Alumina Plates (1989 September 25)
      • Box 24, folder 55; Electrum Validum – Electronic Instrument Displays (1990)
      • Box 24, folder 56; Electrum Validum Generator (2002)
      • Box 24, folder 57; Electrum Validum-Solid Interaction (1998)
      • Box 24, folder 58; Electrum Validum Strikes (1995)
      • Box 24, folder 59; Electrum Validum Tracks in Aluminum Oxide (1986)
      • Box 24, folder 60; EV, A Tale of Discovery – Book Illustration Photos – Chapters 1-3 (undated)
      • Box 24, folder 61; EV, A Tale of Discovery – Book Illustration Photos – Chapter 4 (undated)
      • Box 24, folder 62; EV, A Tale of Discovery – Book Illustration Photos – Chapter 5 (undated)
      • Box 24, folder 63; EV, A Tale of Discovery – Miscellaneous Book Illustration Photos (1986, undated)
      • Box 24, folder 64; Evaporated Copper on Glass (1998 January 9)
      • Box 24, folder 65; Evaporators, Furnace, and Monitors (Ion Gauge) (undated)
      • Box 24, folder 66; Exotic Vacuum Object Trap (2004)
      • Box 24, folder 67; Exotic Vacuum Objects – Web Montage (2005)
      • Box 24, folder 68; Field Emission Devices and Exploration Apparatus (undated)
      • Box 24, folder 69; Field Emitters (1979)
      • Box 24, folder 70; Film Field Emitter Micrograph – Ceramic Samples (1984)
      • Box 25, folder 1; Flightsail Mark I Glider (1962)
      • Box 25, folder 2; Free Piston Gas Generator Engine (1967, undated)
      • Box 25, folder 3; Gordon Research Conference (1984)
      • Box 25, folder 4; Great Side Aluminum & Silicon Carbide Shots and Surfaces of Aluminum & Silicon Carbide (1998 July 28)
      • Box 25, folder 5; Martin Gundersen and Grinder (1997 February 12)
      • Box 25, folder 6; Gyrodyne Convertiplane (undated)
      • Box 25, folder 7; Helicopter Escape and Rescue Outfit (HERO) (1967, undated)
      • Box 25, folder 8; High Pressure Electrum Validums on Film and Solid Substrates (1984 August 2)
      • Box 25, folder 9; High Vacuum and Ultra High Vacuum Unit (1959, undated)
      • Box 25, folder 10; House Shots, Road Panoramic, Lab Shots (1996 Summer)
      • Box 25, folder 11; Hydraulic Whirl Rig and Ceramic Engine Parts (2001 March 26)
      • Box 25, folder 12; Induction Coil Boring of Aluminum Oxide (1997)
      • Box 25, folder 13; Induction Coil Strikes on Silicon Through Silicon Carbide and Epoxy (1998)
      • Box 25, folder 14; Ion Trap Mass Spectrometer (2003)
      • Box 25, folder 15; Iron (II, III) Oxide on Iron (1998 January 19)
      • Box 25, folder 16; Iron (II, III) Oxide on Iron – Broken Edge Grind (1998)
      • Box 25, folder 17; Lead (II) Oxide, Boron Trioxide, Copper (II) Oxide on Stainless Steel (1998 February)
      • Box 25, folder 18; Lead (II) Oxide, Boron Trioxide Glass on .005 Aluminum, Induction Strikes (1998 January 9)
      • Box 25, folder 19; Lead (II) Oxide, Boron Trioxide, Nickel (1998 January 3)
      • Box 25, folder 20; Lead (II) Oxide and Graphite in B28 and MPDA (1998 January 2)
      • Box 25, folder 21; Lost Electrons (1996 February 26)
      • Box 25, folder 22; Mark McCord – Photos of Electron Beam Impacts (1985)
      • Box 25, folder 23; McKubre, Case Catalyst (2002 August 2)
      • Box 25, folder 24; Mercury Cathode, CR. Plate (1982 February 5)
      • Box 25, folder 25; Mercury Cathode, Titanium Anode (1981 December 25)
      • Box 25, folder 26; Micro Machining Photographs (1965, undated)
      • Box 25, folder 27; Miscellaneous Unidentified Photographs (1973, undated)
      • Box 25, folder 28; MM Wave Stand (2000 May 31)
      • Box 25, folder 29; Model Airplane – Wiley's Latest Effort (1958)
      • Box 25, folder 30; Moffett Family (1974)
      • Box 25, folder 31; Nitric Oxide, Nickel (1997 December 24)
      • Box 25, folder 32; Old #1 Spectrometer and Spectrum (undated)
      • Box 25, folder 33; On Microelectronic Components, Interconnections, and Fabrications – Illustrations (1960)
      • Box 25, folder 34; Pd. on Aluminum Oxide (2002 July 31)
      • Box 25, folder 35; PF Electrum Validum Strike on .040 with Rode (1999 January 21)
      • Box 25, folder 36; Plasma Focus II (1999 February 10)
      • Box 25, folder 37; Plasma Focus Electrum Validum Generator (1998 December 14)
      • Box 25, folder 38; Pro Design Compact 35 at Freestone (1997 September)
      • Box 25, folder 39; Processing Chamber and Field Emission Tetrode (undated)
      • Box 25, folder 40-41; Research in Microelectronics Using Electron-Beam-Activated Machining Techniques – Illustrations (1960)
      • Box 25, folder 42; Rotodynamic Vacuum Pump (undated)
      • Box 25, folder 43; Sam's Place in S.R. from 1994 Search (1994 September 14)
      • Box 25, folder 44; Scanner, Silicon Carbide & Copper Monosulfide on Aluminum, and Side View of Strikes (1998 July 27)
      • Box 25, folder 45; SEM Gun and Molds (2002 June 26)
      • Box 25, folder 46; SEM on Anode Foil (1981)
      • Box 25, folder 47; SEM on Ring-Like Electrum Validums (1981 December 17)
      • Box 25, folder 48; SEM on Sapphire and Alumina (1981 June 15)
      • Box 25, folder 49; SEM Photos – Pd. of Nickel – Done at Surface (1996 March 6)
      • Box 25, folder 50; Shadow Autonomous Aerial Vehicle (1968, undated)
      • Box 25, folder 51; Shadow Autonomous Aerial Vehicle and Workshop (1968 October)
      • Box 25, folder 52; Shadow Autonomous Aerial Vehicle 2 (1993 April)
      • Box 25, folder 53; Shadow Autonomous Aerial Vehicle 2 and House (1992)
      • Box 25, folder 54; Shadow Autonomous Aerial Vehicle 2 – Blade Testing (undated)
      • Box 25, folder 55; Shadow Autonomous Aerial Vehicle 2 – Saucer and Vents (1992 December 31)
      • Box 25, folder 56; Shadow Autonomous Aerial Vehicle 2-3, Valve Motor, and House (1993 April 2)
      • Box 25, folder 57; Kenneth R. Shoulders at 2nd International Low Energy Nuclear Reaction Conference (1996)
      • Box 25, folder 58; Kenneth R. Shoulders – Miscellaneous (1997, 2008, undated)
      • Box 25, folder 59; Kenneth R. Shoulders Shop (1994 November 15)
      • Box 25, folder 60; Kenneth R. Shoulders with Truck Trailers (undated)
      • Box 25, folder 61; Steven Shoulders (undated)
      • Box 25, folder 62; Shoulders Family (1999, 2001, undated)
      • Box 25, folder 63; Silicon Carbide Side View of Strikes and Silicon Carbide & Copper Monosulfide Surfaces (1998 July 28)
      • Box 25, folder 64; SIMS Analysis (1998 April)
      • Box 25, folder 65; Sonar System (1968)
      • Box 25, folder 66; Spark Guns (1999 September 25)
      • Box 25, folder 67; Spyder Unmanned Aircraft (undated)
      • Box 25, folder 68; Stringham – Pd. (1996 June 25)
      • Box 25, folder 69; Substrate Heaters (undated)
      • Box 25, folder 70; Titanium Diodes and Hydrogen Triodes (1982)
      • Box 25, folder 71; Tobler, Ernst, & Trader – Nitex 25 and Nitex 35 Nylon Filter Fabrics (undated)
      • Box 25, folder 72; Tom (1994 June 17)
      • Box 25, folder 73; Toward Complex Systems – Illustrations (1964)
      • Box 26, folder 1; Trip to PAO (1996 May)
      • Box 26, folder 2; Ultrasonic Pd. and 2 Rotor Contrarotating Engine, Pneumatically Controlled (1996 December 11)
      • Box 26, folder 3; Unidentified Aircraft Engine (1968)
      • Box 26, folder 4; Unidentified Aircraft Engine Parts (1970 August)
      • Box 26, folder 5; Unidentified Apparatus, Lab and Workshop, and Oshkosh Air Show (undated)
      • Box 26, folder 6; Unidentified Conference (2003)
      • Box 26, folder 7; Vacuum System Bake Out Furnace (1958)
      • Box 26, folder 8; Vortex Photos (1981, undated)
      • Box 26, folder 9; Water Gun and Sleeve Valve Engine (2000 June 23)
      • Box 26, folder 10; Westinghouse Electric Corporation – Micrographs by Scanning Electron Microscope (1960)
      • Box 26, folder 11; Workshop and Office (undated)
      • Box 26, folder 12; XY Scanner Pressure Chamber – H.V. (1998 March 25)
    • Sub-series 2. Negatives, 1960-2002, undated

      Arranged alphabetically by subject, this sub-series consists of Kenneth R. Shoulders' negatives. Most of the negatives in this sub-series are of images found in Sub-series 1 – Photographs. A majority of the images concern Shoulders' research on Electrum Validum. A significant number of images pertaining to aircraft are also found in this sub-series. A handful of images regarding microelectronics and other miscellaneous subjects are preserved here as well.

      Negatives of various sizes make up the bulk of the materials in this sub-series. A small amount of accompanying materials, including notes and drawings, are found here as well.

      Note – Item level cataloging may be available, consult Image Archives.

      • Box 26, folder 13; 50 Horsepower Hirth Counter Rotating Propeller Drive and Frangible Blades (2001 December 17)
      • Box 26, folder 14; 1997 Photos (1997)
      • Box 26, folder 15; Airtable and Lab View, Water Pulse Generator, and Vortex Flow Parts & Molds (2000 April 11)
      • Box 26, folder 16; The Arc Discharge (1981)
      • Box 26, folder 17; Bead Chains (undated)
      • Box 26, folder 18; Clicker, Diggler, White Lightning, and Deflection Switch (2001 July 29)
      • Box 26, folder 19; Copper (II) Oxide on Copper (1998)
      • Box 26, folder 20; Copper Grids with Silicon, CR. – Shot with Electrum Validum Gun Over .001 Titanium – SEM of Carbon Target (1983 May 2)
      • Box 26, folder 21; Electrum Validum Apparatus and Workshop (undated)
      • Box 26, folder 22; Electrum Validum – Electronic Instrument Displays (1990)
      • Box 26, folder 23; Electrum Validum Tracks in Aluminum Oxide (1986)
      • Box 26, folder 24; EV, A Tale of Discovery – Illustration Photos (undated)
      • Box 26, folder 25; Great Side & Silicon Carbide Shots and Surfaces of Aluminum & Silicon Carbide (1998 July 28)
      • Box 26, folder 26; Guide Lines in Alumina Plate (undated)
      • Box 26, folder 27; Helicopter Escape and Rescue Outfit (HERO) (undated)
      • Box 26, folder 28; Hydraulic Whirl Rig and Ceramic Engine Parts (2001 March 26)
      • Box 26, folder 29; Lead (II) Oxide, Boron Trioxide, Copper (II) Oxide on Stainless Steel (1998 February)
      • Box 26, folder 30; Lost Electrons (1996 February 26)
      • Box 26, folder 31; Martin Gundersen and Grinder (1997 February 12)
      • Box 26, folder 32; Micro Machining Micrographs (undated)
      • Box 26, folder 33-34; Optical Preceptron (undated)
      • Box 26, folder 35; Plasma Focus II (1999 February 10)
      • Box 26, folder 36; Plasma Focus Electrum Validum Generator (1998 December 14)
      • Box 26, folder 37-38; Research in Microelectronics Using Electron-Beam-Activated Machining Techniques – Illustration Proofs (1960)
      • Box 26, folder 39; Sam's Place in S.R. from 1994 Search (1994 September 14)
      • Box 26, folder 40; Scanner, Silicon Carbide & Copper Monosulfide on Aluminum and Side View of Strikes (1998 July 27)
      • Box 26, folder 41; SEM Gun and Molds (2002 June 26)
      • Box 26, folder 42; Shadow Autonomous Aerial Vehicle and Workshop (1968 October)
      • Box 26, folder 43; Shadow Autonomous Aerial Vehicle 2 and House (1992)
      • Box 26, folder 44; Shadow Autonomous Aerial Vehicle 2 – Blade Testing (undated)
      • Box 26, folder 45; Shadow Autonomous Aerial Vehicle 2 – Saucer and Vents (1992 December 31)
      • Box 26, folder 46; Shadow Autonomous Aerial Vehicle 2, Workshop, and Office (undated)
      • Box 26, folder 47; Shadow Autonomous Aerial 2-3 – Vane Motor and House (1993 April 2)
      • Box 26, folder 48; Silicon Carbide Side View of Strikes and Silicon Carbide & Copper Monosulfide Surfaces (1998 July 28)
      • Box 26, folder 49; Spark Guns (1999 September 25)
      • Box 26, folder 50; Titanium Diodes and Hydrogen Triodes (1982)
      • Box 26, folder 51; Ultrasonic Pd. and 2 Rotor Contrarotating Engine, Pneumatically Controlled (1996 December 11)
      • Box 26, folder 52; Unidentified Apparatus, Lab and Workshop, Oshkosh Air Show (undated)
      • Box 26, folder 53; Unidentified (Possibly Electrum Validum Strikes) (circa 1978)
      • Box 26, folder 54; Vertitek Corporation – Logo (undated)
      • Box 26, folder 55; Water Gun and Sleeve Valve Engine (2000 September 23)
      • Box 26, folder 56; X.Y. Scanner Pressure Chamber – H.V. (1998 March 25)
    • Sub-series 3. Slides and Transparencies, circa 1960-1999, undated

      Arranged alphabetically by format and subject, this sub-series contains Kenneth R. Shoulders' slides and transparencies. Most of the materials were created for Shoulders' book EV, A Tale of Discovery and/or his presentations at conferences.

      All of the slides and most of the transparencies in this sub-series concern Shoulders' research on Electrum Validum. One file of transparencies concerning the Gyrodyne Convertiplane is also found in this sub-series. A Disneyland caricature drawing transparency of Kenneth R. Shoulders is also preserved here. A handful of accompanying notes are found in this sub-series as well.

      Note – Item level cataloging may be available, consult Image Archives.

      • Box 26, folder 57; Slides – Electrum Validum – Miscellaneous Images (undated)
      • Box 26, folder 58; Slides – Electrum Validum Apparatus – Miscellaneous Images (undated)
      • Box 26, folder 59; Slides – Electrum Validum Apparatus – Presentation (undated)
      • Box 26, folder 60; Slides – Electrum Validum Displays – Presentation (undated)
      • Box 26, folder 61; Slides – Electrum Validum Undulation – Presentation (undated)
      • Box 26, folder 62-63; Slides – EV, A Tale of Discovery – Book Illustrations (undated)
      • Box 26, folder 64; Slides – EV, Tale of Discovery – Manuscript Illustrations and Unused Images (1977-1978, undated)
      • Box 26, folder 65; Transparencies – 2nd International Low Energy Nuclear Reactions Conference – NEV Cluster Talk (1996)
      • Box 26, folder 66; Transparencies – Charge Clusters in Action Talk (1999)
      • Box 26, folder 67; Transparencies – Electrum Validum Apparatus – Presentation (undated)
      • Box 26, folder 68; Transparencies – Electrum Validum Displays – Presentation (undated)
      • Box 26, folder 69; Transparencies – EV, A Tale of Discovery – Book Illustration Photos – Chapters 1-3 (undated)
      • Box 27, folder 1; Transparencies – EV, A Tale of Discovery – Book Illustration Photos – Chapter 4 (undated)
      • Box 27, folder 2; Transparencies – EV, A Tale of Discovery – Book Illustration Photos – Chapter 5 (undated)
      • Box 27, folder 3; Transparencies – Gyrodyne – Menlo-Atherton Lecture on Rotorcraft Fundamentals (1963)
      • Box 27, folder 4; Transparencies – Sleeve Valve Aircraft Engine (1996)
      • Box 27, folder 5; Transparency – Electrum Validum Presentation (1989)
      • Box 27, folder 6; Transparency – Helicopter Escape and Rescue Outfit (HERO) (undated)
      • Box 27, folder 7; Transparency – Kenneth R. Shoulders – Disneyland Caricature (circa 1960)
    • Sub-series 4. Photo Albums, 1961-1998, undated

      Arranged alphabetically by subject, this sub-series consists of eight photo albums created by Kenneth R. Shoulders. Four of the photo albums concern Shoulders' research and engineering work on aircraft and/or aircraft components. Three of the photo albums concern Shoulders' research and engineering work on microelectronics. One photo album concerns his research on Electrum Validum.

      In terms of format, the contents of the photo albums consist mainly of photographs of various sizes. A small amount of accompanying materials, including photo reproductions, notes, papers, drawing reproductions, blueprints, and copies of articles are found in this sub-series as well.

      Note – Item level cataloging may be available, consult Image Archives.

      • Box 27, folder 8; Aircraft and Aircraft Components Designed by Kenneth R. Shoulders (1969-1970, undated)
      • Box 27, folder 9-10; Aircraft and Aircraft Components Designed by Kenneth R. Shoulders (1991-1998, undated)
      • Box 27, folder 11; Benson Gyrocopter and Gyrodyne Convertiplane (1961-1963, undated)
      • Box 27, folder 12; Electrum Validum Photographs (1990, undated)
      • Box 27, folder 13; E.O. – Spectrometer – U.H.V. (undated)
      • Box 27, folder 14; Micro Machining (1965, undated)
      • Box 27, folder 15; Shadow Autonomous Aerial Vehicle and Free Piston Generator Engine (1961, undated)
      • Box 27, folder 16; Slim – Field Emission – Plasma (undated)
    • Sub-series 5. Microfilms, 1955, 1958

      Arranged alphabetically by subject, this sub-series contains two microfilmed items created by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology: a microfilm roll of Kenneth R. Shoulders' MIT computation book and a microfilm strip of an unidentified document.

      Note – Item level cataloging may be available, consult Image Archives.

      • Box 27, Microfilm Roll – Massachusetts Institute of Technology – Kenneth R. Shoulders Computation Book, 9/9/55-1/19/56 (1958)
      • Box 27, folder 18; Microfilm Strip – Massachusetts Institute of Technology – Unidentified Document (1955)
    • Sub-series 6. Glass Slides, 1985-1987, undated

      Arranged alphabetically by subject, this sub-series contains fifty glass slides. Its contents consist of images created by Kenneth R. Shoulders while conducting research on Electrum Validum. The research documented work by these slides was carried out under the auspices of Jupiter Toy Company, a subsidiary of Jupiter Technologies.

      Note – Item level cataloging may be available, consult Image Archives.

      • Box 28, Jupiter Toy #1 – Thin Film Tech (1985 May 31)
      • Box 28, Jupiter Toy #2 – Thin Film Tech (1985 May 30)
      • Box 28, Jupiter Toy #3 – Thin Film Tech (1985 June 3)
      • Box 28, Jupiter Toy #4 – Thin Film Tech (1985 June 3)
      • Box 28, Jupiter Toy – 1st Level – Double Exposure – Good (undated)
      • Box 28, Jupiter Toy – 1st Level – Single Exposure (undated)
      • Box 28, Jupiter Toy – 1st Level – Test (undated)
      • Box 28, Jupiter Toy – 2nd Level – NC – Good (undated)
      • Box 28, Jupiter Toy – Level 1 (undated)
      • Box 28, Jupiter Toy – Level 2 – NC (undated)
      • Box 28, Jupiter Toy – Level 3 – NG (undated)
      • Box 28, Jupiter Toy – Level 4 – C.P. Exposure – 13 Minutes (undated)
      • Box 28, Jupiter Toy – Level 4 – C.P. Exposure – 13 Minutes 15 Seconds (undated)
      • Box 28, Jupiter Toy – Level 4 – C.P. Exposure – 14 Minutes (undated)
      • Box 28, Jupiter Toy – Level 4 – C.P. Exposure – 14 Minutes 15 Seconds (undated)
      • Box 28, Jupiter Toy – Level 4 – C.P. Exposure – 14 Minutes 30 Seconds (undated)
      • Box 28, Jupiter Toy – Level 4 – C.P. Exposure – 16 Minutes (undated)
      • Box 28, Jupiter Toy – Level 4 – (ND) ()
      • Box 28, Jupiter Toy – Mask 1 – Reticle (1986 November 12)
      • Box 28, Jupiter Toy – Mask 2 – Reticle (1987 January 3)
      • Box 28, Jupiter Toy – Mask 2 – Reticle (1987 January 14)
      • Box 28, Jupiter Toy – NC (undated)
      • Box 28, Jupiter Toy – ND Test IV (undated)
      • Box 28, Jupiter Toy – NG (undated)
      • Box 28, Jupiter Toy – NM – Test I (undated)
      • Box 28, Jupiter Toy – NM – Test I – Rejected (undated)
      • Box 28, Jupiter Toy – Unidentified Image – 35 mm Film Strip (undated)
      • Box 28, Jupiter Toy – Unidentified Image – Dots and Rainbow Colors on Mirrored Glass (undated)
      • Box 28, Jupiter Toy – Unidentified Image – Line on Clear Glass (undated)
      • Box 28, Jupiter Toy – Unidentified Set of Images (undated)
    • Sub-series 7. Oversized Photographic Materials, 1960, undated

      Arranged alphabetically by subject, this sub-series contains oversized photographic materials belonging to Kenneth R. Shoulders. A number of photo sheets for Shoulders' book EV, A Tale of Discovery are found in this sub-series. Two negatives of the Helicopter Escape and Rescue Outfit are also in this sub-series. Four photographs of illustrations for the Shoulders' authored publication Research in Microelectronics Using Electron-Beam-Activated Machining Techniques are also preserved here as well.

      Note – Item level cataloging may be available, consult Image Archives.

      • Box 29, folder 1; EV, A Tale of Discovery – Photo Sheets of Illustrations (undated)
      • Box 29, folder 2; Helicopter Escape and Rescue Outfit (HERO) – Negatives (undated)
      • Box 29, folder 3; Research in Microelectronics Using Electron-Beam-Activated Machining Techniques – Photographs of Illustrations (1960)