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Records of Carbogel, Incorporated

Identifier: 2012-021

Scope and Content

The Records of Carbogel, Incorporated contain corporate records generated by Carbogel, Incorporated. The collection mainly documents Carbogel, Incorporated’s administrative and research and development activities during the time period in which the donor, Richard M. Goodman, was employed by the firm as a Project Director (1984-1987). It also contains a small amount of material documenting Goodman’s consultant work for Energy International, Incorporated, another alternative fuels technology company.

The Records of Carbogel, Incorporated are arranged into the following three series:

  1. Corporate Files
  2. R & D Files
  3. E.I. (Energy International) Files


  • Creation: 1958-1990
  • Creation: Majority of material found within Bulk 1984-1987


Access Restrictions

There are no access restrictions on the materials for research purposes and the collection is open to the public.

Copyright Information

The Science History Institute holds copyright to the Records of Carbogel, Incorporated. The researcher assumes full responsibility for all copyright, property, and libel laws as they apply.

Background Note

Carbogel, Incorporated was the United States subsidiary of AB Carbogel, a Swedish alternative fuels firm. AB Carbogel was founded in 1974 as a joint venture between Boliden Mineral AB, a Swedish mining company, and Berol Kemi, a Swedish specialty chemicals company. The firm was the developer and manufacturer of Carbogel, a coal water slurry fuel. The manufacture of Carbogel involved wet grinding specially selected coals to a certain fineness, benefaction by froth flotation (which removed ash and sulfur content), filtration and dewatering, and finally mixing with chemical additives supplied by Berol Kemi. The end result was a slurry mix of coal and water which could be used in place of more expensive Number 6 fuel oil (“Bunker Oil”) in industrial applications.

In the wake of the energy crises of the 1970s, Carbogel coal water slurry initially appeared to be a practical and desirable alternative fuel. To better promote Carbogel in the international energy market, AB Carbogel founded subsidiaries in Canada, Japan, and the United States.

Carbogel, Incorporated was established by AB Carbogel in 1983 to develop and promote Carbogel technology in the United States. This subsidiary was 70% owned by its Swedish parent firm and 30% owned by Foster Wheeler Energy Corporation, an American energy concern. However, problems arising from the improper storage of the slurry in tank cars and an unforeseen drop in the price of Number 6 fuel oil relegated Carbogel to a niche position in the United States energy market.


Records of Carbogel, Incorporated, Science History Institute Archives, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.


15.2 Linear Feet (11 Boxes)

Language of Materials





Administrative and research and development records of Carbogel, Incorporated, a United States subsidiary of AB Carbogel, a Swedish alternative fuels firm. Specifically, these records deal with attempts to develop coal water slurry fuels.

Acquisition Information

The Records of Carbogel, Incorporated were donated to the Science History Institute (formerly the Chemical Heritage Foundation) by Richard M. Goodman in 2012.

Related Materials

There are no other known archival collections created by Carbogel, Incorporated preserved at the date of processing.

Processing Information

The Records of Carbogel, Incorporated were processed by Andrew Mangravite in 2013.


Records of Carbogel, Incorporated
Finding aid created by Andrew Mangravite and encoded into EAD by Kenton G. Jaehnig.
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Revision Statements

  • 2020: Revised by Kenton G. Jaehnig

Repository Details

Part of the Science History Institute Archives Repository

315 Chestnut Street
Philadelphia PA 19106 United States
215.873.5265 (Fax)